Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-38924
Title: Influence of measurement uncertainty on machine learning results demonstrated for a smart gas sensor
Author(s): Dorst, Tanja
Schneider, Tizian
Eichstädt, Sascha
Schütze, Andreas
Language: English
Title: Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Pages: 45-60
Publisher/Platform: Copernicus Publications
Year of Publication: 2023
DDC notations: 500 Science
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Humans spend most of their lives indoors, so indoor air quality (IAQ) plays a key role in human health. Thus, human health is seriously threatened by indoor air pollution, which leads to 3.8 × 106 deaths annually, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). With the ongoing improvement in life quality, IAQ monitoring has become an important concern for researchers. However, in machine learning (ML), measurement uncertainty, which is critical in hazardous gas detection, is usually only estimated using cross-validation and is not directly addressed, and this will be the main focus of this paper. Gas concentration can be determined by using gas sensors in temperature-cycled operation (TCO) and ML on the measured logarithmic resistance of the sensor. This contribution focuses on formaldehyde as one of the most relevant carcinogenic gases indoors and on the sum of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), i.e., acetone, ethanol, formaldehyde, and toluene, measured in the data set as an indicator for IAQ. As gas concentrations are continuous quantities, regression must be used. Thus, a previously published uncertainty-aware automated ML toolbox (UA-AMLT) for classification is extended for regression by introducing an uncertainty-aware partial least squares regression (PLSR) algorithm. The uncertainty propagation of the UA-AMLT is based on the principles described in the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) and its supplements. Two different use cases are considered for investigating the influence on ML results in this contribution, namely model training with raw data and with data that are manipulated by adding artificially generated white Gaussian or uniform noise to simulate increased data uncertainty, respectively. One of the benefits of this approach is to obtain a better understanding of where the overall system should be improved. This can be achieved by either improving the trained ML model or using a sensor with higher precision. Finally, an increase in robustness against random noise by training a model with noisy data is demonstrated.
DOI of the first publication: 10.5194/jsss-12-45-2023
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-389248
ISSN: 2194-878X
Date of registration: 6-Feb-2023
Faculty: NT - Naturwissenschaftlich- Technische Fakultät
Department: NT - Systems Engineering
Professorship: NT - Prof. Dr. Andreas Schütze
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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