Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-42368
Volltext verfügbar? / Dokumentlieferung
Title: The relationship between sense of coherence and mental health problems from childhood to young adulthood: A meta-analysis
Author(s): Schäfer, Sarah K.
Sopp, M. Roxanne
Fuchs, Alicia
Kotzur, Maren
Maahs, Lisann
Michael, Tanja
Language: English
Title: Journal of Affective Disorders
Volume: 325
Pages: 804-816
Publisher/Platform: Elsevier
Year of Publication: 2023
Free key words: Sense of coherence
Mental health
DDC notations: 150 Psychology
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background: Sense of coherence (SOC) as the key component of the salutogenesis framework is negatively correlated with mental health problems in adults but also in children and adolescents. Since SOC is conceptualized to develop and stabilize from childhood to young adulthood, these life phases are of critical importance for the salutogenesis concept. Individual studies examining SOC's link with mental health at younger ages yielded heterogeneous effect size estimates. Thus, the present meta-analysis is the first to quantify the current state of evidence on the association between SOC and mental health problems. Methods: The random-effects multi-level meta-analysis followed PRISMA guidelines and was based on 57 studies (70 samples) comprising 41,013 participants. Weighted mean age of participants was 15.46 years and 50.4 % were female. Results: The mean correlation (r) between SOC and overall mental health problems was M(r) = − 0.46, 95 % CI [− 0.53, − 0.39]. However, there was substantial heterogeneity between studies, while differences between symptom types were smaller. Subsequent moderator analyses showed that higher sample age was associated with more negative relationships and higher internal consistencies of SOC measures. Moreover, internalizing symptoms, depressive symptoms, and feelings of loneliness showed a stronger negative association with SOC than psychosomatic symptoms. Limitations: Our findings on age-related differences were based on (repeated) cross-sectional data and require replication in longitudinal studies. Conclusions: Results yielded a negative association between SOC and mental health problems with increasing magnitude from childhood to young adulthood. Thus, SOC-fostering interventions may help to buffer negative effects of stress and improve resilience starting from early ages.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1016/j.jad.2022.12.106
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-423686
ISSN: 0165-0327
Date of registration: 11-Jul-2024
Description of the related object: Supplementary data
Related object:
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Tanja Michael
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

Files for this record:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in SciDok are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.