Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-41372
Title: Prevalence of KIG-grades 3–5 in an orthodontic practice in North Rhine Westphalia compared with results of the DMS•6 and with KZBV data
Author(s): Kinzinger, Gero Stefan Michael
Hourfar, Jan
Lisson, Jörg Alexander
Language: English
Title: Head & Face Medicine
Volume: 20
Issue: 1
Publisher/Platform: BMC
Year of Publication: 2024
Free key words: Orthodontics
DDC notations: 610 Medicine and health
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background and aim The prevalence of tooth and jaw malocclusions in 8- to 9-year-olds was surveyed in a nationwide setting as part of the orthodontic module of the Sixth German Study on Oral Health (DMS•6), using the orthodontic indication groups (KIG) as index. Aim of this study was the detection of the prevalence of malocclusions requiring treatment according to the KIG index in statutorily insured patients of an orthodontic practice in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany, and to compare results with corresponding DMS•6 and KZBV data. Patients and methods Between 2017–2021, n=953 statutorily insured patients called for an initial consultation and subsequent determination of the KIG-classifcation and -grades. The malocclusions were classifed and graded in the highest possible KIG-grade according to valid SHI guidelines. Multiple classifcations were not recorded. KIG-grade>3 according to the valid guidelines was detected in n=815 patients. Since the DMS•6 does not contain information on KIG classifcations "U" and "S", their inclusion was waived despite evaluation, leaving data from n=683 patients for analysis and comparison. Results During the study period, n=235 patients (34.4%) had KIG-classifcation "D". More than 10% were classifed as "K" (120 patients, 17.6%), "P" (98 patients, 14.2%), "M" (89 patients, 13.0%), and "E" (81 patients, 11.9%). Of 16 possible classifcations with KIG-grade>3, "D4" was the most common with 26.6% (182 patients). The results confrm the fndings from the multicentric DMS•6 from2021 and corresponding KZBV data from 2020. Conclusions Sagittal deviations described by classifcations "D" and "M" represent with 47.4% almost half of the malocclusions with treatment need. KIG-grade D4 is the most frequent classifcation. There were no regional deviations of the prevalence of KIG-grades 3–5 in the district of Viersen / North Rhine compared with the national average, not even when scrutinizing a fve-year-period.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1186/s13005-023-00402-0
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-413720
ISSN: 1746-160X
Date of registration: 8-Jan-2024
Faculty: M - Medizinische Fakultät
Department: M - Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde
Professorship: M - Prof. Dr. Jörg Lisson
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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