Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-40180
Title: Incidence and treatment approach of intraocular pressure elevation after various types of local steroids for retinal diseases
Author(s): Wykrota, Agata Anna
Abdin, Alaa Din
Munteanu, Cristian
Löw, Ursula
Seitz, Berthold
Language: English
Title: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Publisher/Platform: Springer Nature
Year of Publication: 2023
Free key words: Macular edema
Steroidal agents
Ocular hypertension
Secondary ocular hypertension
DDC notations: 610 Medicine and health
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Purpose For the treatment of macular edema, in addition to the use of antivascular endothelial growth factors, steroids are also used intravitreally and sub-Tenon. Side efects include among others cataract formation and elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). The aim of this retrospective study was to elicit the IOP elevation after administration of various steroidal medication, the time of onset, and the efcacy of the administered IOP-lowering therapies. Methods We included 428 eyes with a postoperative (n=136), diabetic (n=148), uveitic macular edema (n=61), and macular edema after retinal vein occlusion (n=83). These patients were treated with one or more diverse steroidal agents once or multiple times. These drugs included: triamcinolone acetonide (TMC) as intravitreal injection (TMC IVI) or subTenon (TMC ST), as well as dexamethasone (DXM) and fuocinolone acetonide (FA) intravitreally. An increase of IOP of≥25 mmHg was designated as pathological. A steroid response in anamnesis, the time of onset of IOP rise from the frst administration, and the therapy administered were documented. Results Of 428 eyes, 168 eyes (39.3%) had IOP elevation up to a mean of 29.7 (SD ±5.6) mmHg, which occurred at a median of 5.5 months. Steroids most frequently leading to rise of IOP included DXM (39.1% of all eyes receiving that drug), TMC IVI (47.6%), TMC ST combined with DXM (51.5%), DXM with FA (56.8%), and TMC IVI with DXM (57.4%). A Kaplan–Meier analysis and the Log Rank test showed a signifcant diference (p<0.001). IOP rise was treated as follows: 119 conservatively (70.8%), and 21 surgically (12.5%, cyclophotocoagulation 8.3%, fltering surgery 1.8%, in 4 the steroidal drug implant was removed 2.4%), and 28 eyes received no therapy (16.7%). Sufcient IOP regulation was achieved in 82 eyes (68.9%) with topical therapy. In 37 eyes (31.1%) with persistently elevated intraocular pressure, topical therapy had to be continued over the follow-up of 20±7 months. Conclusions IOP increases after any type of steroid application are not rare. Results of our study let us suspect that especially therapy with intravitreal dexamethasone, either as a monotherapy or in combination with another steroid, tends to increase IOP more than other steroids. Regular IOP checks are necessary after each steroid administration, with possible initiation of long-term conservative and/or surgical therapy if necessary.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1007/s00417-023-06163-5
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-401802
ISSN: 1435-702X
Date of registration: 24-Jul-2023
Faculty: M - Medizinische Fakultät
Department: M - Augenheilkunde
Professorship: M - Prof. Dr. Berthold Seitz
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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