Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-38641
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Title: Mishearing as a Side Effect of Rational Language Comprehension in Noise
Author(s): van Os, Marjolein
Kray, Jutta
Demberg, Vera
Language: English
Title: Frontiers in psychology
Volume: 12
Pages: 1-17
Publisher/Platform: Frontiers
Year of Publication: 2021
Free key words: speech comprehension
background noise
false hearing
predictive context
DDC notations: 400 Language, linguistics
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Language comprehension in noise can sometimes lead to mishearing, due to the noise disrupting the speech signal. Some of the difficulties in dealing with the noisy signal can be alleviated by drawing on the context - indeed, top-down predictability has shown to facilitate speech comprehension in noise. Previous studies have furthermore shown that strong reliance on the top-down predictions can lead to increased rates of mishearing, especially in older adults, which are attributed to general deficits in cognitive control in older adults. We here propose that the observed mishearing may be a simple consequence of rational language processing in noise. It should not be related to failure on the side of the older comprehenders, but instead would be predicted by rational processing accounts. To test this hypothesis, we extend earlier studies by running an online listening experiment with younger and older adults, carefully controlling the target and direct competitor in our stimuli. We show that mishearing is directly related to the perceptibility of the signal. We furthermore add an analysis of wrong responses, which shows that results are at odds with the idea that participants overly strongly rely on context in this task, as most false answers are indeed close to the speech signal, and not to the semantics of the context.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.679278
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-386413
ISSN: 1664-1078
Date of registration: 3-Jan-2023
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
MI - Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik
Department: HW - Psychologie
MI - Informatik
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Jutta Kray
MI - Prof. Dr. Vera Demberg
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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