Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-37738
Title: Neuron-specific enolase has potential value as a biomarker for [18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET mismatch findings in advanced mCRPC patients
Author(s): Rosar, Florian
Ribbat, Kalle
Ries, Martin
Linxweiler, Johannes
Bartholomä, Mark
Maus, Stephan
Schreckenberger, Mathias
Ezziddin, Samer
Khreish, Fadi
Language: English
Title: EJNMMI Research
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Publisher/Platform: Springer Nature
Year of Publication: 2020
Free key words: Prostate cancer
DDC notations: 610 Medicine and health
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background PSMA-targeted radioligand therapy (PSMA-RLT) yielded impressive results in the metastasized castration-resistant prostate carcinoma (mCRPC) setting. High expression of PSMA is essential for successful PSMA-RLT. However, some patients develop [18F]FDG-avid lesions with low or no PSMA expression ([18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 mismatch findings on PET/CT) in the course of treatment. Those lesions are not affected by PSMA-RLT and a change in therapy management is needed. To enable early mismatch detection, possible blood parameters as indicators for the occurrence of [18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 mismatch findings on PET/CT were evaluated. Methods Retrospective study of N = 66 advanced mCRPC patients with dual [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [18F]FDG PET/CT imaging within 4 weeks, who were referred for or received [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were tested as indicators for the occurrence of [18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 mismatch findings. Additional to absolute values, relative changes (ΔPSA, ΔNSE, ΔGGT, ΔALP) over a period of 4 ± 1 weeks prior to [18F]FDG PET/CT were analyzed. Results In total, 41/66 (62%) patients revealed at least one [18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 mismatch finding on PET/CT. These mismatch findings were detected in 13/41 (32%) patients by screening for and in 28/41 (68%) patients during PSMA-RLT. NSE serum level (55.4 ± 44.6 μg/l vs. 18.5 ± 8 μg/l, p < 0.001) and ΔNSE (93.8 ± 124.5% vs. 2.9 ± 39.5%, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in the mismatch group than in the non-mismatch group. No significant differences were found for serum PSA (p = 0.424), ΔPSA (p = 0.417), serum ALP (p = 0.937), ΔALP (p = 0.611), serum GGT (p = 0.773), and ΔGGT (p = 0.971). For NSE and ΔNSE, the maximum value of the Youden index in ROC analysis was at a cut-off level of 26.8 μg/l (sensitivity 78%, specificity 96%) and at + 13.9% (sensitivity 84%, specificity 75%), respectively. An introduced scoring system of both parameters achieved a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 88% for the occurrence of [18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 mismatch. Conclusion We observed a significantly higher absolute serum concentration and a higher relative increase of NSE in advanced mCRPC patients with [18F]FDG-avid and insufficient PSMA expressing metastases ([18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 mismatch findings on PET/CT) in our cohort. NSE might be used as a potential laboratory indicator for [18F]FDG/[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 mismatch findings, if this observation is confirmed in future, ideally prospective, studies in larger patient cohorts.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1186/s13550-020-00640-2
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-377381
ISSN: 2191-219X
Date of registration: 27-Oct-2022
Faculty: M - Medizinische Fakultät
Department: M - Radiologie
M - Urologie und Kinderurologie
Professorship: M - Prof. Dr. Samer Ezziddin
M - Prof. Dr. Michael Stöckle
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

Files for this record:
File Description SizeFormat 
s13550-020-00640-2.pdf3,96 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons