Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-36858
Title: Impact of heavy alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking on sperm DNA integrity
Author(s): Amor, Houda
Hammadeh, Mohamad Eid
Mohd, Izzaddin
Jankowski, Peter Michael
Language: English
Title: Andrologia
Volume: 54
Issue: 7
Publisher/Platform: Wiley
Year of Publication: 2022
Free key words: alcohol consumption
cigarette smoking
male infertility
sperm DNA
DDC notations: 610 Medicine and health
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: The purposes of the presents study were to investigate the impact of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking on semen parameters and sperm DNA quality, as well as to determine whether tobacco smoking, or alcohol consumption causes more deterioration of sperm quality. Two hundred and eleven semen samples of men were included in this study. Four groups were studied: heavy smokers (N = 48), heavy drinkers (N = 52), non-smokers (n = 70), and non-drinkers (n = 41). Semen parameters were determined according to WHO guidelines, protamine deficiency assessed by chromomycin (CMA3) staining, and sperm DNA fragmentation (sDF) evaluated by TUNEL assay. Sperm parameters were significantly higher in non-smokers versus smokers and in non-drinkers versus drinkers (p < 0.005). However, protamine deficiency and sDF were significantly lower in non-smokers versus smokers and in non-drinkers versus drinkers (p < 0.0001). No significant difference in the semen analysis parameters was observed between heavy smokers and heavy drinkers (semen volume: 3.20 ± 1.43 vs. 2.81 ± 1.56 ml, semen count: 65.75 ± 31.32 vs. 53.51 ± 32.67 mill/ml, total motility: 24.27 ± 8.18 vs. 23.75 ± 1.75%, sperm vitality: 36.15 ± 18.57 vs. 34.62 ± 16.65%, functional integrity: 41.56 ± 18.57 vs. 45.96 ± 17.98% and the morphologically normal spermatozoa: 28.77 ± 11.82 vs. 27.06 ± 13.13%, respectively). However, protamine deficiency was significantly higher among drinkers than smokers (37.03 ± 9.75 vs. 33.27 ± 8.56%, p = 0.020). The sDF was also significantly higher among drinkers than smokers (22.37 ± 7.60 vs. 15.55 ± 3.33%, p < 0.0001). Thus, cigarette smoking, and heavy alcohol intake can deteriorate sperm quality. However, alcohol consumption deteriorates sperm maturity and damages DNA integrity at significantly higher rates than cigarette smoking.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1111/and.14434
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-368582
ISSN: 1439-0272
Date of registration: 18-Jul-2022
Faculty: M - Medizinische Fakultät
Department: M - Frauenheilkunde
Professorship: M - Prof. Dr. E.-F. Solomayer
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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