Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-36748
Title: Is shame the missing link between traumatic experiences and post-traumatic stress disorder in Burundian children living on the streets?
Author(s): Rukundo-Zeller, Anja C.
Bambonye, Manassé
Mugisha, Hervé
Muhoza, Jean-Arnaud
Ndayikengurukiye, Thierry
Nitanga, Lydia
Rushoza, Amini Ahmed
Crombach, Anselm
Language: English
Title: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Publisher/Platform: Wiley
Year of Publication: 2022
Free key words: Burundi
children in street situations
street violence
traumatic experiences
DDC notations: 150 Psychology
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background: Shame is an emotion reflecting an anticipated social devaluation of the self. It is strongly associated with experiences of humiliation and rejection in early life. Individuals suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle with shame. However, little is known about how shame contributes to the develop ment and maintenance of PTSD symptoms in children. The present study investi gated the ways childhood exposure to human-induced traumatic events promotes a coping mechanism of defeat and withdrawal facilitated by the experience of shame. We tested a dose–response relationship between lifetime experienced traumatic event types and PTSD in children using shame as a mediator. Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 33 male children who lived and worked on the streets of Bujumbura, the capital of Burundi at the time of data collection. We assessed self-reported PTSD symptom severity, lifetime traumatic event load, violence experienced on the streets and shame intensity. Results: Mediation analyses revealed a significant indirect effect of lifetime traumatic events on PTSD symptom severity through shame intensity and a significant indirect effect of violence experienced on the streets on PTSD symptom severity through shame intensity. Conclusion: Our study suggests the mediating role of shame between traumatic experiences as well as violent experiences and PTSD symptom severity in children living on the streets. Shame in children suffering from PTSD seems to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1002/cpp.2725
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-367481
ISSN: 1099-0879
Date of registration: 11-Jul-2022
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Professorship: HW - Keiner Professur zugeordnet
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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