Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-35472
Title: Adverse Childhood Experiences, Personality, and Crime: Distinct Associations among a High-Risk Sample of Institutionalized Youth
Author(s): Barra, Steffen
Aebi, Marcel
d’Huart, Delfine
Schmeck, Klaus
Schmid, Marc
Boonmann, Cyril
Language: English
Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume: 19
Issue: 3
Publisher/Platform: MDPI
Year of Publication: 2022
Free key words: adverse childhood experiences
personality disorder
child welfare
residential care
DDC notations: 610 Medicine and health
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Despite high rates of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and personality-related distur bances among delinquent juveniles, associations among ACEs, youth personality, and juvenile crime involvement are still unclear. High-risk samples of institutionalized youth are in specific need of a comprehensive assessment of ACEs and personality features in order to broaden the current knowl edge on the occurrence and persistence of juvenile crime and to derive implications for prevention and intervention. We examined a heterogeneous high-risk sample of 342 adolescents (35.1% females, 64.9% males) aged between 12 and 18 years (M = 15.74, SD = 1.61 years) living in child-welfare or ju venile justice institutions regarding cumulative ACEs, psychopathic traits, temperament, and clinical personality disorder ratings, and criminal involvement before and up to 10 years after assessment. We found considerable rates of ACEs, although cumulative ACEs did not predict future crime. Latent Profile Analysis based on dimensional measures of psychopathy, temperament, and personality disorders derived six distinct personality profiles, which were differently related to ACEs, personality disturbances, clinical psychopathology, and future delinquency. A socially difficult personality profile was associated with increased risk of future crime, whereas avoidant personality traits appeared protective. Findings indicate that the role of ACEs in the prediction of juvenile delinquency is still not sufficiently clear and that relying on single personality traits alone is insufficient in the explanation of juvenile crime.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3390/ijerph19031227
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-354722
ISSN: 1660-4601
Date of registration: 17-Feb-2022
Faculty: M - Medizinische Fakultät
Department: M - Forensische Psychologie und Psychiatrie
Professorship: M - Keiner Professur zugeordnet
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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