Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-34054
Title: Preventive Applications of Polyphenols in Dentistry—A Review
Author(s): Flemming, Jasmin
Meyer-Probst, Clara Theres
Speer, Karl
Kölling-Speer, Isabelle
Hannig, Christian
Hannig, Matthias
Language: English
Title: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume: 22
Issue: 9
Publisher/Platform: MDPI
Year of Publication: 2021
Free key words: salivary pellicle
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
tea drugs
preventive dentistry
medicinal plants
molecular mechanisms
DDC notations: 610 Medicine and health
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Polyphenols are natural substances that have been shown to provide various health benefits. Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic effects have been described. At the same time, they inhibit the actions of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Thus, studies have also examined their effects within the oral cavity. This review provides an overview on the different polyphenols, and their structure and interactions with the tooth surface and the pellicle. In particular, the effects of various tea polyphenols on bioadhesion and erosion have been reviewed. The current research confirms that polyphenols can reduce the growth of cariogenic bacteria. Furthermore, they can decrease the adherence of bacteria to the tooth surface and improve the erosion-protective properties of the acquired enamel pellicle. Tea polyphenols, especially, have the potential to contribute to an oral health-related diet. However, in vitro studies have mainly been conducted. In situ studies and clinical studies need to be extended and supplemented in order to significantly contribute to additive prevention measures in caries prophylaxis.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3390/ijms22094892
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-340541
ISSN: 1422-0067
Date of registration: 17-May-2021
Faculty: M - Medizinische Fakultät
Department: M - Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde
Professorship: M - Prof. Dr. Matthias Hannig
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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