Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-33706
Title: Is personal distress a part of empathy? A re-analysis of the multidimensional empathy concept
Author(s): Paulus, Christoph
Language: English
Year of Publication: 2021
Free key words: empathy
Interpersonal Reactivity Index
personal distress
structural analysis
DDC notations: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Publikation type: Other
Abstract: The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) (Davis, 1983) combined the four factors empathic concern, perspective taking, personal distress and the fantasy scale into a multidimensional concept of empathy that is still generally valid today. On the basis of the German translation of the IRI, the Saarbrücken Personality Questionnaire on Empathy (SPF), two different model adjustments were examined with the help of structural equations: a general factor model of empathy and the previous multidimensional model. The calculations were based on questionnaire data from 7 668 subjects at the age from 10 and 80 years, some of which were collected online. It turned out that the multidimensional concept was superior to the general factor model, but without including the personal distress scale (NPAR = 31, RMSEA = .06, PCLOSE = .00, SRMR = .04, CFI = .96). Distress can theoretically be regarded as a consequence of empathy and should therefore not to be considered as a part of the theoretical empathy concept.
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-337069
Date of registration: 4-May-2021
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Bildungswissenschaften
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Robin Stark
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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