Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-33560
Title: Evaluation of Anti-Biofilm Activity of Mouthrinses Containing Tannic Acid or Chitosan on Dentin In Situ
Author(s): Schestakow, Anton
Guth, Moritz S.
Eisenmenger, Tobias A.
Hannig, Matthias
Language: English
Title: Molecules
Volume: 26
Issue: 5
Publisher/Platform: MDPI
Year of Publication: 2021
Free key words: tannic acid
preventive dentistry
DDC notations: 610 Medicine and health
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: In contrast to enamel, dentin surfaces have been rarely used as substrates for studies evaluating the effects of experimental rinsing solutions on oral biofilm formation. The aim of the present in situ study was to investigate the effects of tannic acid and chitosan on 48-h biofilm formation on dentin surfaces. Biofilm was formed intraorally on dentin specimens, while six subjects rinsed with experimental solutions containing tannic acid, chitosan and water as negative or chlorhexidine as positive control. After 48 h of biofilm formation, specimens were evaluated for biofilm coverage and for viability of bacteria by fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy. In addition, saliva samples were collected after rinsing and analyzed by fluorescence (five subjects) and transmission electron microscopy (two subjects) in order to investigate the antibacterial effect on bacteria in a planktonic state and to visualize effects of the rinsing agents on salivary proteins. After rinsing with water, dentin specimens were covered by a multiple-layered biofilm with predominantly vital bacteria. In contrast, chlorhexidine led to dentin surfaces covered only by few and avital bacteria. By rinsing with tannic acid both strong anti-adherent and antibacterial effects were observed, but the effects declined in a time-dependent manner. Transmission electron micrographs of salivary samples indicated that aggregation of proteins and bacteria might explain the antiadhesion effects of tannic acid. Chitosan showed antibacterial effects on bacteria in saliva, while biofilm viability was only slightly reduced and no effects on bacterial adherence on dentin were observed, despite proteins being aggregated in saliva after rinsing with chitosan. Tannic acid is a promising anti-biofilm agent even on dentin surfaces, while rinsing with chitosan could not sufficiently prevent biofilm formation on dentin.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3390/molecules26051351
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-335607
ISSN: 1420-3049
Date of registration: 15-Mar-2021
Description of the related object: Supplementary Materials
Related object:
Faculty: M - Medizinische Fakultät
Department: M - Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde
Professorship: M - Prof. Dr. Matthias Hannig
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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