Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-27914
Title: Modeling the Contact Mechanics of Hydrogels
Author(s): Müser, Martin H.
Li, Han
Bennewitz, Roland
Language: English
Title: Lubricants
Volume: 7
Issue: 4
Publisher/Platform: MDPI
Year of Publication: 2019
Free key words: hydrogels
contact mechanics
simulation
elastomers
DDC notations: 500 Science
530 Physics
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: A computationally lean model for the coarse-grained description of contact mechanics of hydrogels is proposed and characterized. It consists of a simple bead-spring model for the interaction within a chain, potentials describing the interaction between monomers and mold or confining walls, and a coarse-grained potential reflecting the solvent-mediated effective repulsion between non-bonded monomers. Moreover, crosslinking only takes place after the polymers have equilibrated in their mold. As such, the model is able to reflect the density, solvent quality, and the mold hydrophobicity that existed during the crosslinking of the polymers. Finally, such produced hydrogels are exposed to sinusoidal indenters. The simulations reveal a wavevector-dependent effective modulus E ∗ (q) with the following properties: (i) stiffening under mechanical pressure, and a sensitivity of E ∗ (q) on (ii) the degree of crosslinking at large wavelengths, (iii) the solvent quality, and (iv) the hydrophobicity of the mold in which the polymers were crosslinked. Finally, the simulations provide evidence that the elastic heterogeneity inherent to hydrogels can suffice to pin a compressed hydrogel to a microscopically frictionless wall that is undulated at a mesoscopic length scale. Although the model and simulations of this feasibility study are only two-dimensional, its generalization to three dimensions can be achieved in a straightforward fashion.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3390/lubricants7040035
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-279140
hdl:20.500.11880/30008
http://dx.doi.org/10.22028/D291-27914
ISSN: 2075-4442
Date of registration: 12-Nov-2020
Faculty: NT - Naturwissenschaftlich- Technische Fakultät
Department: NT - Physik
Professorship: NT - Keiner Professur zugeordnet
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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