Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-32496
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Title: Acute on-snow severe injury events in elite alpine ski racing from 1997 to 2019: the Injury Surveillance System of the Austrian Ski Federation
Author(s): Barth, Michael
Platzer, Hans-Peter
Giger, Anton
Nachbauer, Werner
Schröcksnadel, Peter
Language: English
Title: British journal of sports medicine
Startpage: 1
Endpage: 7
Publisher/Platform: BMJ Publishing Group
Year of Publication: 2020
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objectives The study aimed to (1) determine the incidence and gender-specific risk ratio of acute on-snow severe injury events (SIE) in elite alpine ski racing, (2) examine the development of SIE over 22 seasons, and (3) analyse SIE with respect to the severely injured body parts and structures. Methods Data recorded in the Austrian Ski Federation’s Injury Surveillance System over 22 seasons were analysed. The Austrian Ski Team consists of four groups: Team National (n=477), Team A (n=444), Team B (n=696) and Team C (n=608). Team National and Team A comprised World Cup, Team B European Cup and Team C junior alpine ski racers. Simple and multiple Poisson regressions were calculated. Results The SIE incidence was 15.7 (95% CI 14.2 to 17.5) per 100 skier seasons. ACL injury events accounted for 70.8% of severe knee injury events and 48.6% of SIE. The incidence of severe ACL injury events was 7.6 (95% CI 6.6 to 8.9). Female World Cup alpine ski racers had a 1.65 times (95% CI 1.02 to 2.69) higher risk of severe ACL injury events than their male counterparts. Conclusion The incidence of acute on-snow SIE in World Cup alpine ski racing was higher than previously reported. Despite various prevention efforts, the average seasonal incidence of SIE in World and European Cup alpine ski racers has grown from approximately 11 in 1997 to 23 in 2019; thus with roughly one more injured athlete every second season.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102752
URL of the first publication: https://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2020/10/06/bjsports-2020-102752.long
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/29897
http://dx.doi.org/10.22028/D291-32496
ISSN: 0306-3674
1473-0480
Date of registration: 22-Oct-2020
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Sportwissenschaft
Professorship: HW - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Eike Emrich
Collections:Die Universitätsbibliographie

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