Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-31886
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Title: Age differences in language comprehension during driving: Recovery from prediction errors is more effortful for older adults
Author(s): Häuser, Katja
Demberg, Vera
Kray, Jutta
Language: English
Title: Computational foundations of cognition : 39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2017) : London, United Kingdom, 26-29 July 2017
Startpage: 2156
Endpage: 2161
Publisher/Platform: Curran Associates, Inc.
Year of Publication: 2017
Place of publication: Red Hook, NY
Title of the Conference: CogSci 2017
Place of the conference: London, United Kingdom
Publikation type: Conference Paper
Abstract: Prior research yielded conflicting findings regarding whether older adults show a greater processing cost than younger adults when encountering unpredicted semantic material during language processing. Here, we investigated whether age-related differences in recovery from prediction error are influenced by increased demands on working memory. We used a dual task design: a primary sentence comprehension task in which semantic predictions were fulfilled or violated, and a concurrent driving task, thought to limit working memory resources in resolving prediction errors. In the dual task, older participants showed an increase in comprehension accuracy for sentences with semantic violations, while demonstrating a decrease in driving accuracy. Thus, when working memory resources were limited, older adults focused exclusively on the language task and neglected the driving task. This could be related to an age-related increase in generating semantic predictions, or to a general inability among older adults to divide attention between two cognitively demanding tasks.
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/29735
ISBN: 978-1-5108-4661-6
Date of registration: 24-Sep-2020
Notes: Volume 3
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Jutta Kray
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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