Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-27449
Title: Preventing Response Elimination Strategies Improves the Convergent Validity of Figural Matrices
Author(s): Becker, Nicolas
Schmitz, Florian
Falk, Anke M.
Feldbrügge, Jasmin
Recktenwald, Daniel R.
Wilhelm, Oliver
Preckel, Franzis
Spinath, Frank M.
Language: English
Title: Journal of Intelligence
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Publisher/Platform: MDPI
Year of Publication: 2016
DDC notations: 150 Psychology
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Several studies have shown that figural matrices can be solved with one of two strategies: (1) Constructive matching consisting of cognitively generating an idealized response, which is then compared with the options provided by the response format; or (2) Response elimination consisting of comparing the response format with the item stem in order to eliminate incorrect responses. A recent study demonstrated that employing a response format that reduces response elimination strategies results in higher convergent validity concerning general intelligence. In this study, we used the construction task, which works entirely without distractors because the solution has to be generated in a computerized testing environment. Therefore, response elimination is completely prevented. Our results show that the convergent validity of general intelligence and working memory capacity when using a test employing the construction task is substantially higher than when using tests employing distractors that followed construction strategies used in other studies. Theoretical as well as practical implications of this finding are discussed.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3390/jintelligence4010002
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291--ds-274490
ISSN: 2079-3200
Date of registration: 6-Jan-2020
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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