Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-30054
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Title: Carbon Nanomaterials for Water Desalination by Capacitive Deionization
Author(s): Biesheuvel, Maarten
Porada, Slawomir
van der Wal, Albert
Presser, Volker
Editor(s): Gogotsi, Yuri
Language: English
Title: Nanomaterials handbook
Startpage: 535
Endpage: 577
Publisher/Platform: Taylor & Francis
Year of Publication: 2017
Place of publication: Boca Raton
Publikation type: Book Chapter
Abstract: This chapter summarizes the basics and the theory behind capacitive deionization (CDI). Alongside with reporting on carbon materials used for CDI, it provides guidelines and strategies for a rational design of porous carbon electrodes for desalination applications. The chapter discusses different CDI cell geometries, followed by different approaches to testing desalination performance, and then different modes of applying an electrical driving force. Future systems may include monolithic foams or self-assembled hierarchic porous thin films. In this line of thought, the next generation of CDI electrode design may use asymmetry in regards to specific surface area (SSA), film thickness, or point of zero charge (PZC). The ability to utilize material composites may not only yield more efficient CDI systems, but may also help to abate detrimental aspects, such as biofouling or irreversible electrochemical (EC) material degradation.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1201/b15591-16
URL of the first publication: https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315371795/chapters/10.1201/9781315371795-19
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/28471
http://dx.doi.org/10.22028/D291-30054
ISBN: 978-1-315-37179-5
978-1-4987-0306-2
Date of registration: 12-Dec-2019
Faculty: NT - Naturwissenschaftlich- Technische Fakultät
Department: NT - Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik
Professorship: NT - Prof. Dr. Volker Presser
Collections:UniBib – Die Universitätsbibliographie

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