Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-30022
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Title: Counter-regulation in affective attentional biases : Evidence in the additional singleton paradigm
Author(s): Wentura, Dirk
Müller, Philipp
Rothermund, Klaus
Voss, Andreas
Language: English
Title: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, The
Volume: 71
Issue: 5
Startpage: 1209
Endpage: 1218
Publisher/Platform: Taylor & Francis
Year of Publication: 2018
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: We investigated motivational influences on affective processing biases; specifically, we were interested in whether anticipating positive versus negative future outcomes during goal pursuit affects attentional biases toward positive or negative stimuli. Attentional valence biases were assessed with the additional singleton task, with the task-irrelevant singleton colors being positive, negative or neutral. The motivational relevance of colors was established in a preceding task: In a balanced design, one color acquired positive valence by indicating the chance to win money, and a different color acquired negative valence by indicating the danger to lose money. Blocks of the additional singleton task were associated with either the chance of winning money (positive outcome focus) or the danger of losing money (negative outcome focus). We found an interaction of outcome focus and singleton valence in the accuracy rates, indicating an incongruency effect: Attentional capture was stronger for positive (negative) singletons in the negative (positive) outcome focus conditions. This result further corroborates the counter-regulation hypothesis, extending previous findings on the motivational top-down regulation of affective processing to the domain of early attentional processes.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1080/17470218.2017.1315147
URL of the first publication: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470218.2017.1315147
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/28399
http://dx.doi.org/10.22028/D291-30022
ISSN: 1747-0226
1747-0218
Date of registration: 2-Dec-2019
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Dirk Wentura
Collections:UniBib – Die Universitätsbibliographie

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