Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-30015
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Title: Furious snarling : Teeth-exposure and anxiety-related attentional bias towards angry faces
Author(s): Wirth, Benedikt Emanuel
Wentura, Dirk
Language: English
Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 13
Issue: 11
Startpage: 1
Endpage: 14
Publisher/Platform: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Year of Publication: 2018
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Dot-probe studies consistently show that high trait anxious individuals have an attentional bias towards threatening faces. However, little is known about the influence of perceptual confounds of specific emotional expressions on this effect. Teeth-exposure was recently recognized as an important factor for the occurrence of attentional bias towards angry faces in a closely related paradigm (the face-in-the-crowd paradigm). Therefore, we investigated the effect of exposed teeth on attentional bias towards angry faces in the dot-probe task. Participants (N = 74) were asked to classify probe stimuli that were preceded by two simultaneously presented face cues, one angry and the other neutral. Half of the angry faces had exposed teeth, the other half had concealed teeth. Afterwards, participants completed the trait anxiety scale of the STAI. For angry faces with non-exposed teeth, we found the expected positive correlation (r = .441) of trait anxiety with the attentional bias score (reaction times for probes replacing the neutral face minus reaction times for probes replacing the angry face). However, we found no influence of trait anxiety on attentional bias towards angry faces with exposed teeth. These results suggest that natural low-level stimulus confounds of emotional faces like exposed teeth can affect the manifestation of anxiety-related attentional biases towards angry faces in the dot-probe task.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207695
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/28393
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date of registration: 30-Nov-2019
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Dirk Wentura
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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