Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-30011
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Title: Involuntary sensory enhancement of gain- and loss-associated tones : A general relevance principle
Author(s): Folyi, Timea
Wentura, Dirk
Language: English
Title: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume: 138
Startpage: 11
Endpage: 26
Publisher/Platform: Elsevier
Year of Publication: 2019
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: In a recent event-related potential (ERP) study (Folyi et al., 2016), we have demonstrated that sensory processing of task-irrelevant tones is enhanced when they were previously associated with positive or negative (by the means of monetary gains and losses, respectively) affective meaning relative to tones with neutral meaning, as indexed by the enhancement of the auditory N1-amplitude. In the present study, (1) in line with the hypothesis of affective counter-regulation, we investigated whether positive versus negative tones can receive differential attentional enhancement, depending on motivational context (Experiment 1); and (2) whether the early facilitation of positive and negative tones can operate strictly outside of the focus of voluntary attention (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, we replicated the basic N1 valence effect, but found no moderation by motivational context. In Experiment 2, we found a small valence effect on the N1. By combining data from the three experiments (i.e., our previous experiment and the present ones; N = 72), we found a clear enhancement of N1-amplitudes for valenced tones without moderation by experiment. This pattern of results suggests comparable early attentional enhancement of valenced tones in general: (a) despite different level of concurrent task-relevant attentional and motivational demands in these experiments; and (b) without prioritizing one valence category over another, supporting our claim that the general relevance of the tones with high motivational value that governs early attentional facilitation.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.01.007
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/28389
ISSN: 1872-7697
Date of registration: 30-Nov-2019
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Dirk Wentura
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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