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|Title:||Mechanochemical synthesis of porous carbon at room temperature with a highly ordered sp2 microstructure|
|Author(s):||Casco, Mirian Elizabeth|
Badaczewski, Felix M.
Smarsly, Bernd M.
|Year of Publication:||2018|
|Publikation type:||Journal Article|
|Abstract:||Carbon nanostructures with a well-developed turbostratic sp2 structure and high porosity are synthesized at room temperature inside a planetary ball mill. The obtained carbons were analyzed in-depth by means of gas adsorption, wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), Raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Our approach involves the solvent-free reaction between calcium carbide (CaC2) and hexachlorobenzene (C6Cl6) conducted under mechanochemical conditions. After certain mechanical activation time, the exothermic nature of the reaction (−492 kcal) provokes a combustion-like event that results in innocuous salt (CaCl2) and a carbonaceous material. Carbon with a high degree of structural order in the constituting graphene and the graphene stacks, possessing almost no internal surface, can be obtained after 5 min of milling time with a mass ratio CaC2/C6Cl6 of 0.9, while carbon exhibiting a surface area as high as 915 m2/g can be obtained after 2 h of milling time with a mass ratio CaC2/C6Cl6 of 5.1. WAXS results and TEM observations reveal a mixture of amorphous carbon and non-graphitic phases. Among the last one, spherical-shaped carbons and curved nanosized strips can be easily distinguished.|
|DOI of the first publication:||10.1016/j.carbon.2018.06.068|
|Link to this record:||hdl:20.500.11880/28021|
|Date of registration:||8-Oct-2019|
|Faculty:||NT - Naturwissenschaftlich- Technische Fakultät|
|Department:||NT - Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik|
|Professorship:||NT - Prof. Dr. Volker Presser|
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