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|Title:||Microporous novolac-derived carbon beads/sulfur hybrid cathode for lithium-sulfur batteries|
|Title:||Journal of Power Sources|
|Year of Publication:||2017|
|Publikation type:||Journal Article|
|Abstract:||Novolac-derived nanoporous carbon beads were used as conductive matrix for lithium-sulfur battery cathodes. We employed a facile self-emulsifying synthesis to obtain sub-micrometer novolac-derived carbon beads with nanopores. After pyrolysis, the carbon beads showed already a specific surface area of 640 m2 g−1 which was increased to 2080 m2 g−1 after physical activation. The non-activated and the activated carbon beads represent nanoporous carbon with a medium and a high surface area, respectively. This allows us to assess the influence of the porosity on the electrochemical performance of lithium-sulfur battery cathodes. The carbon/sulfur hybrids were obtained from two different approaches of sulfur infiltration: melt-infusion of sulfur (annealing) and in situ formation of sulfur from sodium thiosulfate. The best performance (∼880 mAh gsulfur−1 at low charge rate; 5th cycle) and high performance stability (>600 mAh gsulfur−1 after 100 cycles) were found for the activated carbon beads when using melt infusion of sulfur.|
|DOI of the first publication:||10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.05.005|
|Link to this record:||hdl:20.500.11880/27944|
|Date of registration:||27-Sep-2019|
|Faculty:||NT - Naturwissenschaftlich- Technische Fakultät|
|Department:||NT - Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik|
|Professorship:||NT - Prof. Dr. Volker Presser|
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