Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-29013
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Title: Does Self-Control Training Improve Self-Control? A Meta-Analysis
Author(s): Friese, Malte
Frankenbach, Julius
Job, Veronika
Loschelder, David D.
Language: English
Title: Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Volume: 12
Issue: 6
Startpage: 1077
Endpage: 1099
Publisher/Platform: Sage
Year of Publication: 2017
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Self-control is positively associated with a host of beneficial outcomes. Therefore, psychological interventions that reliably improve self-control are of great societal value. A prominent idea suggests that training self-control by repeatedly overriding dominant responses should lead to broad improvements in self-control over time. Here, we conducted a random-effects meta-analysis based on robust variance estimation of the published and unpublished literature on self-control training effects. Results based on 33 studies and 158 effect sizes revealed a small-to-medium effect of g = 0.30, confidence interval (CI95) [0.17, 0.42]. Moderator analyses found that training effects tended to be larger for (a) self-control stamina rather than strength, (b) studies with inactive compared to active control groups, (c) males than females, and (d) when proponents of the strength model of self-control were (co)authors of a study. Bias-correction techniques suggested the presence of small-study effects and/or publication bias and arrived at smaller effect size estimates (range: gcorrected = .13 to .24). The mechanisms underlying the effect are poorly understood. There is not enough evidence to conclude that the repeated control of dominant responses is the critical element driving training effects.
DOI of the first publication: 10.1177/1745691617697076
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/27826
ISSN: 1745-6916
Date of registration: 17-Sep-2019
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Psychologie
Professorship: HW - Prof. Dr. Malte Friese
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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