Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-28566
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Title: Self-Concept in Adolescents-Relationship between Sport Participation, Motor Performance and Personality Traits
Author(s): Klein, Markus
Fröhlich, Michael
Emrich, Eike
Language: English
Title: Sports
Volume: 5
Issue: 2
Startpage: 1
Endpage: 12
Publisher/Platform: MDPI
Year of Publication: 2019
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: The relationship between sport participation, personality development, self-concept and self-esteem has been discussed repeatedly. In this research, a standardized written survey together with tests on motor performance were carried out with 1399 students (707 male; 692 female) in school years 7 (12.9 ± 0.6 years) and 10 (15.8 ± 0.6 years) to measure the extent of a relationship between physical self-concept (self-developed short scale) and sporting activity, measured motor performance (German motor performance test DMT (Deutscher Motorik-Test) 6⁻18) and report mark in physical education. Relationships were also analyzed between physical self-concept and general personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experiences, compatibility, and conscientiousness, measured with NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)). The assessment of own physical attractiveness and own athleticism differs by sex (F(1, 962) = 35.21; p < 0.001), whereby girls assess themselves more critically. Weak significant relationships are displayed between motor performance and the assessment of own physical attractiveness (r(395) = 0.31; p < 0.01). Motor performance is given a higher predictive value with regard to a subject's own self-concept, (physical attractiveness β = 0.37; t(249) = 5.24; p < 0.001; athleticism β = 0.40; t(248) = 6.81; p < 0.001) than the mark achieved in physical education (physical attractiveness β = -0.01; n.s.; athleticism β = -0.30; t(248) = 5.10; p < 0.001). Relationships were found overall between personality traits and physical self-concept. The influence of the 'neuroticism' trait is particularly strong (physical attractiveness β = -0.44; t(947) = -13.58; p < 0.001; athleticism β = -0.27; t(948) = -7.84; p < 0.001). The more pronounced this trait, the lower the assessment of own physical attractiveness and own athleticism.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3390/sports5020022
URL of the first publication: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4663/5/2/22
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/27701
http://dx.doi.org/10.22028/D291-28566
ISSN: 2075-4663
Date of registration: 7-Sep-2019
Faculty: HW - Fakultät für Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Department: HW - Sportwissenschaft
Collections:UniBib – Die Universitätsbibliographie

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