Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-28130
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Title: Dispositionen : Segen oder Fluch für die kausale Theorie der epistemischen Stützungsbeziehung?
Author(s): Mantel, Susanne
Language: German
Title: Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung
Volume: 71
Issue: 1
Startpage: 37
Endpage: 49
Publisher/Platform: Vittorio Klostermann GmbH
Year of Publication: 2017
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Many of our beliefs are based on other mental states. What does this basing relation consist in? Causal theories give the following causal condition for the belief B being based on the mental state M: (CC) M has caused B (or causes that B is maintained). The problem of deviant causal chains shows that CC is not sufficient for the basing relation. It has been proposed to solve this problem by introducing the following further dispositional condition that, together with CC, gives necessary conditions for the basing relation: (DC) B is the manifestation of a cognitive disposition of the subject to form beliefs similar to B if it is in states similar to M. I will explore whether DC improves causal theories or, to the contrary, weakens those theories. Although DC excludes deviant causal chains successfully it casts doubts on whether CC is a necessary condition. As soon as DC is accepted, everything speaks in favor of abandoning CC. Thus, the attempt to improve causal theories by introducing a dispositional condition unintentionally challenges the causal approach and indicates that a purely dispositional theory is to be preferred.
DOI of the first publication: 10.3196/004433017820875882
URL of the first publication:
Link to this record: hdl:20.500.11880/27498
ISSN: 0044-3301
Date of registration: 13-Jul-2019
Faculty: P - Philosophische Fakultät
Department: P - Philosophie
Professorship: P - Prof. Dr. Christoph Fehige + Prof. Dr. Ulla Wessels
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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