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Titel: Prosody, focus, and focal structure : some remarks on methodology
Verfasser: Batliner, Anton
Sprache: Englisch
Erscheinungsjahr: 1994
Quelle: Saarbrücken, 1994
SWD-Schlagwörter: Künstliche Intelligenz
DDC-Sachgruppe: 004 Informatik
Dokumentart : Report (Bericht)
Kurzfassung: Prosody falls between several established fields as e.g. phonetics, phonology, syntax, and dialogue structure. It is therefore prone to misconceptions: often, its relevancy is overestimated, and often, it is underestimated. The traditional method in linguistics in general and in phonology in particular is the construction and evaluation of sometimes rather complex examples based on the intuition of the linguist. This intuition is replaced by more or less naive and thus non-expert subjects and inferential statistics in experimental phonetics but the examples, i.e. the experimental material, are often rather complex as well. It is a truism that in both cases, conclusions are made on an "as if'; basis: as if a final proof had been found that the phenomenon A really exists regularily in the language B. In fact, it only can be proven that the phenomenon A sometimes can be detected in the production of some speakers of a variety of language B. This dilemma matters if prosody has to be put into practice, e.g. in automatic speech and language processing. In this field, large speech databases are already available for English and will be available for other languages as e.g. German in the near future. At least in the beginning, the problems that can - hopefully - be solved with the help of such databases might look trivial and thus not interesting - a step backwards and not forwards. "As if'; statements (concerning, e.g., narrow vs. broad focus) and problems that are trivial at face value (concerning, e.g., the relationship between phrasing units and accentuation and the ontology of sentence accent) will be illustrated with own material. I will argue that such trivial problems have to be dealt with in the beginning, and that they can constitute the very basis for the proper treatment of more far reaching and complex problems.
Link zu diesem Datensatz: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-41024
Schriftenreihe: Vm-Report / Verbmobil, Verbundvorhaben, [Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz]
Band: 58
SciDok-Publikation: 22-Aug-2011
Fakultät: Sonstige Einrichtungen
Fachrichtung: SE - DFKI Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
Fakultät / Institution:SE - Sonstige Einrichtungen

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