Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-24687
Title: On the influence of metal alkoxides on the epoxide ring-opening and condensation reactions of 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane
Author(s): Nacken, Manfred
Hoebbel, Dagobert
Schmidt, Helmut K.
Language: English
Year of Publication: 2001
OPUS Source: Journal of sol gel science and technology. - 21. 2001, 3, S. 177-187
SWD key words: Alkoholate
DDC notations: 620 Engineering and machine engineering
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: The extent of the epoxide ring-opening, the formation of ethyl groups as one reaction product of the ring-opening and the condensation degree of RSi(O0.5)3 units in sols and gels of the system 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTS)-1.5H2O-0.01/0.1/1.0 metal alkoxide [Si(OEt)4, Sn(OBut)4, Al(OBus)3, Al(OEtOBu)3, Ta(OEt)5, Ti(OEt)4, Zr(OBun)4] in ethanol has been examined by means of liquid- and solid-state 13C and 29Si NMR spectroscopies. The results reveal a strong epoxide ring-opening effect of Al-alkoxides in hybrid sols after 24 h reaction time and of Zr-, Ta-, Al- and Sn-alkoxides in corresponding hybrid gels already at low concentration (1 mole%). The ring-opening rate increases in sols with higher metal alkoxide concentration (10 mole%) but decreases at 50 mole% concentration of Al-, Ti- and Zr-alkoxides. The ring-opening activity of metal alkoxides in 10 mole% hybrid sols increases after 24 h reaction time in the order Si(OEt)4 < Ti(OEt)4 < Zr(OBun)4 < Ta(OEt)5, Sn(OBut)4, Al(OBus)3, Al(OEtOBu)3. The 24 h hybrid sols and gels contain considerable amounts (up to 90%) of ethyl ether groups as reaction product of the ring-opening reaction which lowers the formation of polyether bonds. The condensation degree (c.d.) of RSi(O0.5)3 units of GPTS-1.5H2O sols with 10 mole% of metal alkoxides increases up to 80% after 7 h reaction time in the order: Si(OEt)4 << Sn(OBut)4 < Zr(OBun)4 < Al(OBus)3 < Al(OEtOBu)3 < Ta(OEt)5 < Ti(OEt)4. An additional increase in c.d. up to 90% follows after the thermal sol-gel transformation. Generally, maximum activity of metal alkoxides in ring-opening and condensation reactions was found in sols and gels with 10 mole% additives. The effect of water on the epoxide ring-opening and on c.d. is discussed. Furthermore, the activity of metal alkoxides is compared with corresponding nanoscaled metal oxides.
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-30106
Date of registration: 15-Oct-2010
Faculty: SE - Sonstige Einrichtungen
Department: SE - INM Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien
SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

Files for this record:
File Description SizeFormat 
sm200102.pdf1,08 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in SciDok are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.