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|Title:||Crystallization kinetics of mullite from single-phase gel determined by isothermal differential scanning calorimetry|
Schmidt, Helmut K.
|Year of Publication:||1998|
|OPUS Source:||Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. - 223. 1998, S. 57-72|
|SWD key words:||Kristallisation|
Differential scanning calorimetry
|DDC notations:||620 Engineering and machine engineering|
|Publikation type:||Journal Article|
|Abstract:||Transformation kinetics of single-phase gel with mullite composition was studied by isothermal differential calorimetry (DSC) in temperature range from 937 to 959°C. Single exotherm was observed for annealing temperatures below 947°C, and two overlapped exothermic peaks were seen above this temperature. According to XRD analysis, mullite was the only phase crystallized either under non-isothermal or isothermal heat treatment. Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) equation for nucleation and growth could not describe mullite crystallization adequately, even below 947°C. Using bimodal JMA-type model, that proposes mullite crystallization in two steps, the fitting was remarkably good in the whole temperature range. Obtained kinetics data do not allow one to characterize the gel, either as typical single phase one (nucleation-controlled process with two rate constants and small apparent activation energies), or as hybrid gel (mullite formation via spinel and high apparent activation energies). The rate constants were an order of magnitude smaller than is proposed for single phase gel. The apparent activation energies, however (Eal = 1053 ± 51 kJ/mol, and Ea2 = 1028 ± 22 kJ/mol), were in great discrepancy to those already cited for single phase gels, but they were in very good agreement with data evaluated for diphasic and hybrid gels. Mullite a-axis length and effective fraction of mullite that is formed in the first and second step of the process provided an insight in the mechanism of mullite crystallization. It is assumed that not the nucleation and crystallization limitations, rather the phase separation is the controlling process in mullite formation from single phase gel under applied experimental conditions.|
|Link to this record:||urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-28823|
|Date of registration:||10-Jun-2010|
|Faculty:||SE - Sonstige Einrichtungen|
|Department:||SE - INM Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien|
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