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Titel: Synthesis of Ag-colloids in sol-gel derived SiO2-coatings on glass
Verfasser: Mennig, Martin
Schmitt, Mike
Schmidt, Helmut K.
Sprache: Englisch
Erscheinungsjahr: 1997
Quelle: Journal of sol gel science and technology. - 8. 1997, 1/3, S. 1035-1042
SWD-Schlagwörter: Kolloidales Silber
Sol-Gel-Verfahren
Photochromes Glas
Glas
Kalknatronglas
Fused Silica
Tetraethylsilicat <Tetraethylorthosilicat>
DDC-Sachgruppe: 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Dokumentart : Journalartikel
Kurzfassung: Ag colloid-containing coatings on soda lime glass and fused silica are prepared via the sol-gel process. To incorporate Ag+-ions in the coatings homogeneously, they are stabilized by a functionalised silane (aminosilane) and then mixed with the basic sol prepared from 3-glycidoxypropyl trimethoxysilane (GPTS) and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). Crack-free and transparent coatings with a thickness of 0.5 to 1.2 &micro;m, are obtained by heat treatment between 120°C and 600°C. The Ag-colloid formation was monitored by UV-VIS spectroscopy as a function of temperature. The investigations reveal that the substrate has a deciding influence on the Ag-colloid formation caused by alkali diffusion from the substrate into the coating. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) investigations prove that poly-crystalline AgxOy-nanoparticles are formed during thermal densification in the coatings and that this change is accompanied by a vanishing of the yellow colour of the coatings. A post-heat treatment in a reducing atmosphere (90% N2, 10% H2) turns back the yellow colour and single-crystalline Ag-colloids can be detected by HRTEM. A suitable choice of the temperature and time conditions allows the control of the colloid size during heat treatment in a reducing atmosphere. For comparison, ion-exchange experiments have been carried out which showed that a spontaneous Ag-colloid formation was achieved in the soda lime substrate at 400°C. Since Ag containing SiO2-coatings remained colourless after thermal treatment between 400°C and 600°C in air, on soda lime substrates, a remarkable diffusion of Ag+ into the substrate was excluded.
Link zu diesem Datensatz: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-28359
hdl:20.500.11880/24575
http://dx.doi.org/10.22028/D291-24519
SciDok-Publikation: 21-Apr-2010
Fakultät: Sonstige Einrichtungen
Fachrichtung: SE - INM Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien
Fakultät / Institution:INM
INM
SE - Sonstige Einrichtungen

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