Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-23844
Title: Homo- und Hetero-Metall-Amide des Tris(tert-butylamino)methylsilans : Polycyclen und Cluster mit Li, Na, Mg, Al und Tl
Author(s): Veith, Michael
Spaniol, Armin
Pöhlmann, Jürgen
Groß, Frank
Huch, Volker
Language: English
Year of Publication: 1993
OPUS Source: Chemische Berichte. - 126. 1993, S. 2625-2635
SWD key words: Trimethylaluminium
Tetrahydrofolat <5
DDC notations: 540 Chemistry
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: The hydrogen atoms attached to nitrogen in tris(tert-butyl-amino)methylsilane (1) can be substituted by metallic main-group elements in a quite general way. If 1 is treated with trimethylaluminium apart from the monosubstituted product MeSi(tBuNH)2(tBuNAlMe2) (2) the trisamide MeSi(tBuNAlMe2)3 (3) is obtained. In similar ways complete substitution of the amino hydrogen atoms in 1 yields the compounds MeSi[tBuNMgN(SiMe3)2]3 (6), [MeSi(tBuNLi)3]2 (10), and [MeSi(tBuNTl)3]2 (11), the later two being dimeric. If methyl-magnesium iodide is allowed to react with 1 the intermediate MeSi(tBuNMgI)3 (4) in some instances can be isolated as the THF adduct or may react with a further equivalent of the Grignard compound to generate the complex [MgI-(THF)5]+ [MeSi(tBuNMgI)3CH3 · THF]- (5). The aluminium compound 2 has been used to access to heterometallic amides combining aluminium and sodium as in MeSi(tBuNAlMe2)(tBuNNa)(tBuNH) (7) or magnesium and aluminium as in the dimeric compounds [MeSi(tBuNAlMe2)(tBuNH)(tBuNMgI)]2 (8) and [MeSi(tBuNAlMe2)(tBuNH)(tBuNMgMe)]2 (9). X-ray structure analyses reveal 3 (tricyclic SiN3Al3 skeleton with Al - N distances from 2.014 to 2.025 Å), 6 (tricyclic Si-N3Mg3 skeleton), and 7 [bicyclic SiN3AlNa skeleton with Na - N distances of 2.47(1) and 2.52(1) Å] to be monomeric even in the solid state. The compounds 8 and 9 (both pentacyclic with spiro magnesium atoms) form centrosymmetric dimers by Mg - I - Mg and Mg - (CH3) - Mg bridges, respectively. The dimers 10 and 11 are completely different in terms of chemical bonding: while in the lithium compound 10 a centrosymmetric polycycle is formed by principly ionic interactions of the lithium atoms with corresponding nitrogen atoms, the centrosymmetric dimer in 11 is held together by Tl - Tl bonds. The X-ray structure analysis of 5 reveals the anion containing a Mg-coordinated CH3-.
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-18044
Date of registration: 4-Dec-2008
Faculty: SE - Sonstige Einrichtungen
Department: SE - INM Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien
NT - Chemie
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