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Titel: Automatic Generation of Thematically Focused Information Portals from Web Data
Verfasser: Sizov, Sergej
Sprache: Englisch
Erscheinungsjahr: 2005
SWD-Schlagwörter: Portal <Internet>
Information Retrieval
DDC-Sachgruppe: 004 Informatik
Dokumentart : Dissertation
Kurzfassung: Finding the desired information on the Web is often a hard and time-consuming task. This thesis presents the methodology of automatic generation of thematically focused portals from Web data. The key component of the proposed Web retrieval framework is the thematically focused Web crawler that is interested only in a specific, typically small, set of topics. The focused crawler uses classification methods for filtering of fetched documents and identifying most likely relevant Web sources for further downloads. We show that the human efforts for preparation of the focused crawl can be minimized by automatic extending of the training dataset using additional training samples coined archetypes. This thesis introduces the combining of classification results and link-based authority ranking methods for selecting archetypes, combined with periodical re-training of the classifier. We also explain the architecture of the focused Web retrieval framework and discuss results of comprehensive use-case studies and evaluations with a prototype system BINGO!. Furthermore, the thesis addresses aspects of crawl postprocessing, such as refinements of the topic structure and restrictive document filtering. We introduce postprocessing methods and meta methods that are applied in an restrictive manner, i.e. by leaving out some uncertain documents rather than assigning them to inappropriate topics or clusters with low confidence. We also introduce the methodology of collaborative crawl postprocessing for multiple cooperating users in a distributed environment, such as a peer-to-peer overlay network. An important aspect of the thematically focused Web portal is the ranking of search results. This thesis addresses the aspect of search personalization by aggregating explicit or implicit feedback from multiple users and capturing topic-specific search patterns by profiles. Furthermore, we consider advanced link-based authority ranking algorithms that exploit the crawl-specific information, such as classification confidence grades for particular documents. This goal is achieved by weighting of edges in the link graph of the crawl and by adding virtual links between highly relevant documents of the topic. The results of our systematic evaluation on multiple reference collections and real Web data show the viability of the proposed methodology.
Link zu diesem Datensatz: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-4899
Erstgutachter: Gerhard Weikum
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 11-Jul-2005
SciDok-Publikation: 24-Jan-2006
Fakultät: Sonstige Einrichtungen
Fachrichtung: SE - Sonstige Einrichtungen
Fakultät / Institution:SE - Sonstige Einrichtungen

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