Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: doi:10.22028/D291-23725
Title: Sociological implications of scientific publishing: Open access, science, society, democracy and the digital divide
Author(s): Herb, Ulrich
Language: English
Year of Publication: 2010
OPUS Source: First Monday. Volume 15 (2010), Issue 2.
SWD key words: Open Access
Free key words: Soziales Kapital
Wissenschaftliches Kapital
Scientific Capital
Social Capital
DDC notations: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Publikation type: Journal Article
Abstract: Claims for open access are mostly underpinned with 1. science—related arguments (open access accelerates scientific communication); 2. financial arguments (open access relieves the serials crisis); 3. social arguments (open access reduces the digital divide); 4. democracy—related arguments (open access facilitates participation); and, 5. socio—political arguments (open access levels disparities). Using sociological concepts and notions, this article focuses strongly on Pierre Bourdieu';s theory of (scientific) capital and its implications for the acceptance of open access, Michel Foucault';s discourse analysis and the implications of open access for the concept of the digital divide. Bourdieu';s theory of capital implies that the acceptance of open access depends on the logic of power and the accumulation of scientific capital. It does not depend on slogans derived from hagiographic self—perceptions of science (e.g., the acceleration of scientific communication) and scientists (e.g., their will to share their information freely). According to Bourdieu';s theory, it is crucial for open access (and associated concepts like alternative impact metrics) to understand how scientists perceive its potential influence on existing processes of capital accumulation and how open access will affect their demand for status. Foucault';s discourse analysis suggests that open access may intensify disparities, scientocentrism and ethnocentrism. Additionally, several concepts from the philosophy of sciences (Popper, Kuhn, Feyerabend) and their implicit connection to the concept of open access are described in this paper.
Link to this record: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-34889
Date of registration: 20-Dec-2010
Faculty: ZE - Zentrale Einrichtungen
Department: ZE - Zentrale Verwaltung
Collections:SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes

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