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Titel: Unsaturated molecules containing main group-metals
Verfasser: Veith, Michael
Sprache: Englisch
Erscheinungsjahr: 1987
Quelle: Angewandte Chemie / International edition in English. - 26. 1987, 1, S. 1-14
SWD-Schlagwörter: Hauptgruppenelement
Metall
DDC-Sachgruppe: 540 Chemie
Dokumentart : Journalartikel
Kurzfassung: Molecules in which there are neighboring electrophilic and nucleophilic centers are unusually reactive. Oligomerization can be prevented only by bulky groups attached to the main group metal atom that would act as electron pair acceptor, or to the basic non-metal atom. The basic and the acid centers behave as a single unit in chemical reactions; the system is similar to a double bond whose -electron density is largely concentrated at one atom. The unsaturated nature of these molecules can be seen in (for example) their addition reactions with hydrogen compounds of non-metals, or in reactions that are distantly related to cycloadditions at homopolar double bonds. The selection of suitable reaction partners leads to polycyclic, cage-like molecules containing metal atoms. If these atoms possess lone pairs (as is usual in the lower oxidation states of the third and fourth main groups), these can be utilized to form bonds to further (Lewis acid) metal centers. In some cases large assemblies can be built up from polycyclic systems in this way; a characteristic of these assemblies is a one-dimensional array of metal atoms. Commonly occurring structural features of the polycyclic species are tetrahedra, trigonal bipyramids and cubes.
Link zu diesem Datensatz: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-18614
hdl:20.500.11880/22587
http://dx.doi.org/10.22028/D291-22531
SciDok-Publikation: 5-Dez-2008
Fakultät: Fakultät 8 - Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät III
Sonstige Einrichtungen
Fachrichtung: NT - Chemie
SE - INM Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien
Fakultät / Institution:INM
NT - Naturwissenschaftlich- Technische Fakultät

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