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|Title:||The tyrosine kinase Pyk2 mediates lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-8 expression in human endothelial cells|
|Author(s):||Anand, Appakkudal R.|
Terwilliger, Ernest F.
Ganju, Ramesh K.
|Year of Publication:||2008|
|OPUS Source:||The journal of immunology. - 180. 2008, 8, S. 5636-5644|
|DDC notations:||610 Medicine and health|
|Publikation type:||Journal Article|
|Abstract:||Secretion of proinflammatory cytokines by LPS activated endothelial cells contributes substantially to the pathogenesis of sepsis. However, the mechanism involved in this process is not well understood. In the present study, we determined the role of a nonreceptor proline-rich tyrosine kinase, Pyk2, in LPS-induced IL-8 (CXCL8) production in endothelial cells. First, we observed a marked activation of Pyk2 in response to LPS. Furthermore, inhibition of Pyk2 activity in these cells by transduction with the catalytically inactive Pyk2 mutant, transfection with Pyk2-specific small interfering RNA, or treatment with Tyrphostin A9 significantly blocked LPS-induced IL-8 production. The supernatants of LPS-stimulated cells exhibiting attenuated Pyk2 activity blocked transendothelial neutrophil migration in comparison to the supernatants of LPS-treated controls, thus confirming the inhibition of functional IL-8 production. Investigations into the molecular mechanism of this pathway revealed that LPS activates Pyk2 leading to IL-8 production through the TLR4. In addition, we identified the p38 MAPK pathway to be a critical step downstream of Pyk2 during LPS-induced IL-8 production. Taken together, these results demonstrate a novel role for Pyk2 in LPS-induced IL-8 production in endothelial cells.|
|Link to this record:||urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-14946|
|Date of registration:||18-Apr-2008|
|Faculty:||M - Medizinische Fakultät|
|Department:||M - Orthopädie|
|Collections:||SciDok - Der Wissenschaftsserver der Universität des Saarlandes|
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